- The Project
- Autism is
- News & Media
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder of onset in early infancy, classified as Pervasive Developmental Disorder and more recently as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) because of the wide variability (hence “Spectrum”) in the degree to which autism symptoms manifest themselves, leading to different extent of disability that in some cases determine the lack of self-sufficiency.
(please see “Autismo: dalla ricerca al governo clinico”, Aldina Venerosi, Flavia Chiarotti, Dipartimento di Biologia Cellulare e Neuroscienze, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma, Italia)
As evidenced by, among others, Autism Europe (an international association also supported by European Commission, www.autismeurope.org) people who have autism experience difficulty with social interaction and communication, and often display restricted interests and repetitive behaviour.
Namely, the main symptoms of autism are:
- Deficits in social reciprocal interaction
- Deficits in verbal and non verbal communication and imagination
- Limited range of activities and interests
Approximately 1 in 150 children are diagnosed with Autism in Europe.
Autism is a serious life-long disability, thus an integrated and comprehensive community-based supports and services it is necessary to improve the quality of life for people with autism and their families.
In this aim, under the multidisciplinary and multi-agency approach, services should be largely widespread at the local level in order to guarantee the accessibility to health services and educational agency, such as school, with adequate competencies.
(excerpt from “Autismo: dalla ricerca al governo clinico”, Aldina Venerosi, Flavia Chiarotti, Dipartimento di Biologia Cellulare e Neuroscienze, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma, Italia)